Types of Personality Disorders

I normally write about bipolar disorder, my experiences, and discuss mental health advocacy issues. However, I have decided to learn more about the other mental illnesses and I have chosen to study and share with my readers about personality disorders.

A personality disorder is a type of mental disorder where you have unhealthy, rigid patterns of thinking, behaving, and functioning.  A person with a personality disorder has trouble perceiving and relating to situations and people. Ref1

The types of personality disorders are categorized in three clusters.  Cluster A includes those that are odd or eccentric.   Cluster B includes those that are dramatic, emotional or erratic. Cluster C includes those that are anxious and fearful. Ref2

Cluster A includes Schizoid, Paranoid, and Schizotypical.  Cluster B includes Antisocial, Borderline, Narcissistic, and Histrionic. Cluster C includes Avoidant, Dependent, and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.

Schizoid personalities are introverted, withdrawn, solitary, emotionally cold, and distant.  interpreting the actions of others as deliberately threatening or demeaning. Paranoid personalities interpret the actions of others as deliberately threatening or demeaning. r. People may have odd or eccentric manners of speaking or dressing. Schizotypical personalities have strange, outlandish or paranoid beliefs and the dress and their speaking and dressing are eccentric. Ref2

Antisocial personalities  act out their conflicts and ignore normal rules of social behavior.  Borderline personality disorder personalities are unstable in  interpersonal relationships, behavior, mood, and self-image. They exhibit abrupt and extreme mood changes, stormy interpersonal relationships, and an unstable and fluctuating self-image. Narcissists  have an exaggerated sense of self-importance, are absorbed by fantasies of unlimited success, and seek constant attention. Ref2

Avoidant personalities have  long-standing feelings of inadequacy and are extremely sensitive to what others think about them resulting in feeling socially inhibited and inept. Dependent Personalities have a need to be taken care of and a fear of abandonment or separated from friends and family leading to dependent and submissive behaviors causing others  to be care givers. People with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder have a preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental control often causing a lack of flexibility, openness, and efficiency. Ref3

types-of-personality-disorder

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted in mental illness, personality disorder, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Types of Depression

Depression is defined as a state of feeling sad by Merriam Webster, but if you struggle with depression, you know that there is so much more to it than that.  Depression can be debilitating and affects your life a lot more than simply being sad.  You probably know most of the signs and symptoms of depression, but did you know that there are several different types of depression?  Do you know how to explain the different kinds? 

THE TYPES OF DEPRESSION

  • Major Depression Disorder (MDD) aka Chronic: Affects 7% Americans,  signs of depression most of the time, it’s all  consuming and can lead to suicide.  Ref1
  • Dysthymia aka Persistent Depressive Disorder:  Affects 3% Americans  The symptoms become chronic yet can be intermittent, it’s biological rather than psychological therefore medication is often used.  It usually lasts at least two years at a time. It is thought to run in families.  Ref2 and Ref8 and Ref12
  • Postpartum Depression aka Perinatal or Peripartum- 10% of women after giving birth due to hormonal changes suffer from this.  It usually manifests within four weeks after giving birth. In extreme cases mothers are not able to take care of their child. Ref6Ref12
  • Antenatal:  Affects 10% of pregnant women and is triggered by pregnancy Ref4
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder: Affects 4-6% Americans, symptoms are usually mild-feeling blue, weight gain, and withdrawn and can be treated by light therapy Ref3
  • Atypical: thought to be most common type of depression and sometimes considered to be a subset of MDD where there is a lack of feeling in legs, oversleeping, overeating, and it is hard to treat although talk therapy is often helpfulRef3&Ref2
  • Adjustment Disorder aka Situational Disorder: 3 times more common than MDD. It Happens when someone is adjusting to something new in their life that causes a great deal of stress. It can be something good or bad  and medication is rarely needed Ref6 and Ref3
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder aka PMDD: Affects 5% of women and much more severe that PMS and happens at second half of menstrual cycle. It can be treated by medication, therapy, and/or nutrition therapies.   Ref3 & Ref5
  • Psychotic Depression: Signs of depression with psychotic symptoms like hallucinations, delusions and paranoia. Of those who suffer from depression, 14-50% suffer from this type. Ref5 & Ref2 & Ref12
  • Catatonic: Someone is speechless and motionless. It is no longer listed as a distinct disorder as it is a specifier for depression, bipolar disorder, and PTSD  Ref2
  • Bipolar Disorder: Mood disorders with periods of mania (extreme highs) and often time extreme lows (depression). Ref6
  • Melancholic:  A subtype of Major Depression that’s not very common and very severe causing slow movement and complete enjoyment in everything. It’s persistent and intense  Ref4
  • Endogenous: It is a subset of MDD with persistent and intense feelings of sadness. These  have a negative impact on behavior and mood, sleep and appetite. Ref2
  • Substance Induced: It is “a prominent and persistent disturbance of mood that is  due to the direct physiological effects of a substance” like alcohol or drugs. It is usually diagnosed when the person is intoxicated or in withdrawal.  Ref8
  • Cyclothymic: Chronic condition with alternating periods of highs and lows lasting at least two years that’s less severe than MDD and often described as a mild form of bipolar disorder Ref4 & Ref10
  • Treatment Resistant:  Several different methods of treatment have been tried including medication, therapy, diet change, etc and nothing has worked. Oftentimes, people are then referred to medical doctor to see if there is a medical cause that could be causing depression. Ref9
  • Holiday: “The stress and anxiety during the months of November and December may cause even those who are usually content to experience loneliness and a lack of fulfillment” Ref2
  • Geriatric aka Subsyndromal Depression: Feelings of sadness occasionally is normal, but lasting depression is not normal for the elderly.  It doesn’t meet criteria for MDD, but affects approximately 5 million elderly people. It can lead to MDD if left untreated. Depressed elderly are at high risk for suicide. “Although senior citizens comprise only 12 percent of the U.S. population, they accounted for 16 percent of all suicides in 2004” Ref11 and Ref2

 

types-of-depression-correct

 

 

Image | Posted on by | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Guest Post: Love in a Bipolar World by Rebecca

delauthorWhen you find that special person that you know you want to spend the rest of your life with, you have to consider a lot of factors.  If you are bipolar, the list of considerations changes quite a bit.  Should you tell that person up front?  Will it scare them away?  What if you don’t tell them, and you experience depression, anxiety, even mania?

 

I know in my situation, I met a couple of guys before I met my husband, and I was always brutally honest.  I never kept my condition from anyone.  I was sure to make it clear that there was nothing easy about my situation, and there would be ups and downs.  If the discussion ever warranted, I also made sure that they knew that kids were not in my future.

 

Some seemed to think they could handle it, but truthfully couldn’t.  The first time my depression kicked in, they stopped calling.  Others were long gone before I finished the words, bipolar disorder.  Joe was different from the start.  He was kind and caring.  He seemed to accept my issues.  He came from a strong Catholic background, and I knew it would be hard to sell me to his parents.  Particularly with no grandchildren in the mix.

 

It didn’t take very long for Joe to realize that perhaps I wasn’t right for him.  He suddenly dropped out of the picture, and I was left confused and alone.  I hoped my disease wasn’t what scared him off, but deep down, I knew it was.  Not many people know that about us.  Our first time trying to make a go of it, we just didn’t click.  I suffered through a series of mentally and sometimes physically abusive relationships after that.  I convinced myself that this was the best I could do.

 

In May 2001, Joe started calling again.  I was guarded because I didn’t want the past to repeat itself.  My parents were thrilled, especially my mom.  She had always liked Joe and she was constantly worried about the other guys I chose to spend my time with.

 

Joe confessed to me that he hadn’t been able to stop thinking about me.  That a couple of years earlier, he wasn’t grown up enough to understand what challenges I would bring to the table. We worked harder at a relationship this time around, and by the end of July, we were talking about marriage and moving in together.

 

When I look back on my failed relationships, I absolutely cringe.  I should never have settled for the pain and heartache I had to endure.  My self-esteem was so far in the toilet.  I just knew that since I wasn’t truly good enough for anyone, that men could treat me as such.  I just accepted it.  After you subject yourself to this for years, if something good comes along, you can hardly recognize it, let alone believe it’s actually happening.

 

I’m here to tell you that you do not have to allow yourself to be treated like you aren’t worth it.  You are not broken, useless or a failure.  You have just as much to offer this world as anyone who doesn’t suffer from mental illness.  There will probably always be that little voice inside your head telling you that this one is going to walk out on you too.  Don’t let that voice take over!

 

Relationships are hard for anyone.  They are even more difficult on those of us with bipolar.  I’m not going to tell you that it’s always perfect.  Once you find the love of your life, it’s pretty damn close.  Honesty, communication, and laughter.  You must have all of these.  Talk about your feelings!  Give them a voice.  Know that your spouse loves you for you, and for the happiness you bring into their life.  When you get down, don’t do what I’ve done in the past and offer them a way out.  It hurts them more than it hurts you.

 

Anything worth fighting for is hard work, we all know this.  When you find love and acceptance in the eyes of your best friend, you will know true happiness.  Don’t doubt yourself or your relationship.  You will, of course, have ups and downs, there is no way around that.  Everyone does!  Yours will be a different set of challenges, and you must be realistic about that.  Just know that you can do this.

 

 

All of my life, I have struggled to find something that I am actually good at.  I have finally found it.  Loving my husband so completely is my calling in life.  He means everything to me, and I can only hope that each and every person reading this can find that as well.  Being married with mental illness is not impossible.  It takes work, but it is more than worth it.

You can also find Rebecca on Twitter  Facebook  Blog Website 

She is also the author of  It’s not Your Journey

 

delauthor2

Posted in bipolar disorder, mental illness | Tagged , , , | 3 Comments

Dear Future President,

delpresinsFor a year now, the presidential candidates have been dodging questions about the problem of mental illness in America. Some will bring it up when talking about gun control and others ridicule the mentally ill.

Well, when is the question going to be asked, “WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO ABOUT THE PROBLEM FACING AMERICA IN REGARDS TO THE MENTAL HEALTH SYSTEM?”

Donald Trump is going to build a wall to keep illegal immigrants out and send the people here illegally back to where they came from. Well, Donald Trump, you can’t keep the mentally ill from entering the United States because many of us are already here legally. You can’t send us back either. Where would you send us?

The mental health facilities are so overcrowded that people can’t get the help they need.

People are too embarrassed to get help because politicians and the media contribute to the stigma that prevents people from getting the help.

People are not educated as to what signs to look for and where to go to get help. One in four people in America have a mental illness- that means that everyone most likely at least knows someone who has a mental illness.

So, what are you going to do Trump, Clinton, and Sanders?

I think the people who have mental illnesses, their families, and anyone who has been affected by a mental illness due to tragedy deserve a right to know.

I can give you some answers since you can’t seem to come up with any of your own. At least if you have, you have not shared them.

1. Ask the mentally ill and their families what is lacking and suggest what could help.

2. Ask the employees at mental health facilities what they see as problems and see how they would fix it

3. Consider bills that are in Congress right now

4. Go visit psychiatric hospitals and see how awful most of them are. The patients are being treated worse than animals and not getting the care they need. The Emergency Rooms are filled with people who can’t get help.

4. Visit the prisons and see how many people who have a mental illness are there instead of a psychiatric facility

5. Stop the revolving door for prisons and hospitals by having inexpensive if not free care after someone leaves

6. Finance things like Medical First Aid, Peer Support Specialists, NAMI, DBSA, and Mental Health Association instead of having them rely on donations

7. Ask other countries what they are doing

8. Revamp NIMH (National Institute for Mental Health)

You can’t just throw money at the problem. You can’t keep dodging questions, you definitely should not add to the stigma like I have heard some of you do. There are 25% of Americans who struggle with mental illnesses and we deserve to know how you would handle the crisis before we cast our votes.

The topic of mental health deserves so much more than any candidate or media outlet gives it.

I suggest you:

-INVESTIGATE

-Ask for solutions from people who are in the trenches

-Do SOMETHING! Talk about SOLUTIONS

-PROMISE that you have things you are going to do to help the mental health system within your first 100 days in office.

I hope to hear the topic of mental illness talked about at the debates and I think that it is not only the responsibility of the politicians, but also the media. Don’t just let them talk about it- Make them come up with a policy as to what they are going to do. It is just as important to America as any other issue.

Posted in advocate, media, mental health advoctes, mental health awareness, mental illness, politics, presidential election, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Do You Know the Signs of Mental Illness?

You never know when you, a loved one, or a stranger on the street might have a mental illness.  In a time where mental illness is a huge problem in our society, it is important that every citizen does their part in helping prevent future tragedies at the hands of someone who has a mental illness.

The mental health system is in crisis!   There is a shortage of hospital beds that result in people not getting the treatment they need. This results in homelessness, them being jailed, or ending up doing something awful that hurts themselves or others.

People don’t get help many times because of the stigma that is attached to mental illness. Most people with a mental illness can recover with the right help and it is important that someone suffering with a mental illness gets the help they need.

A huge part of what all individuals need to know is where a person can go to get help.  Before that, however, they need to know what signs and symptoms to look for.

Today I came across a very promising initiative.   It encourages people to learn the 5 signs of mental illness.  They are asking people to join others in signing a pledge that they will learn these signs and share them with everyone they know.

Please join The Campaign to Change Direction in learning these signs. You could save a life!

Five Signs

delper

delper2

Picture Credits: The Campaign to Change Direction

 

Posted in mental health awareness, mental illness | Tagged , , , | 1 Comment

What People are Doing for Mental Health Awareness Month

 

mhamMay is Mental Health Awareness Month.  Below are some some things that I have come across that people are doing to recognize this.  Many of these things you can do very easily to help raise awareness about mental health and mental illness.

 

 

Note: If you would like to be added to the list, please send  Facebook  message or direct Twitter message.

mhm

 

Picture Credit: Out of the Ashes   and Unknown (Found on Twitter) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted in mental health awareness, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Guest Post: 10 Things I’ve Learned Since I was diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder by Jake

deljaThe things I’ve learned since I was diagnosed with bipolar disorder:

1) Naps are critical. Whether it’s because of a mood swing, medications or being tired,  I often try to sleep through the worst parts.
2) I’m still trying to grasp the concept that people take drugs to get high. My medications make me feel normal.
3) My mental health is more important than any situation. If something doesn’t feel right. I leave.
4) Keeping a regular sleep pattern is a necessity. The more mature my condition gets, the more being tired affects everything I do.
5) Bipolar isn’t just a mental illness. It has some very real physical symptoms as well. Stomach pains and headaches are very common for me. And are mostly stress induced.
6) You tend to live in the moment. Which makes it hard to plan for things. Because you’re busy caring for yourself in the moment.
7) Your extremely in tune with your emotions. After 8 years of psychotherapy, I’m a practical dictionary of coping skills.
8) You need to take care of yourself in the moment and find little things that are natural antidepressants. For me it’s almond M&Ms, Mountain Dew and pineapple orange juice. Little things like that help get me over humps.
9) Whenever you bring a new friend into your life, you realize that one day you’re going to have to have “the talk.”
10) I’m the one who has the illness. People’s judgments of me are largely irrelevant. They don’t know and have no idea what it’s like to wake up in my world.

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Movies & TV Shows with Bipolar Disorder Characters

moviesThese movies and television shows are not in any particular order.  Some are fictional and other movies are more factual including some biographies. 

Some of them do a better job of depicting someone who struggles with bipolar disorder. 

  • Touched with Fire:  Two poets who have bipolar disorder meet in a psychiatric hospital and fall in love. Ref
  • Infinitely Bipolar Bear: Cameron takes care of his two  daughters while his wife attends graduate school out of town.
  • Silver Linings Playbook: Pat has bipolar disorder and has moved in with his parents after he is discharged from a psychiatric hospital.
  • Mr. Jones: Mr. Jones has bipolar disorder. During one of his manic episodes he jumps up on stage during a concert and ends up being arrested.  He also struggles with suicidal depression. Ref
  • The Hours: Virginia, who has experienced several nervous breakdowns and suffers from bipolar disorder, feels trapped in her home, intimidated by servants and constantly under the eye of her husband who has begun a publishing business, Hogarth Press, at home to stay close to her. Ref
  • Shameless: Ian, like his mom Monica, has been diagnosed with BIPOLAR DISORDER and  he currently refuses to visit the doctor and does not believe he needs to take medication. For these reasons his behavior has been erratic and out of control, worrying his family. Ref Ref
  • Michael Clayton Arthur is the lead attorney in a class-action case.  His struggle with bipolar disorder makes things harder for his colleague, Michael, as they deal with the case. Ref
  • Call Me Anna Patty Duke plays herself in this movie.  Growing up she struggled with bipolar disorder, but was not diagnosed until 1982.  Patty Duke’s Biography
  • My Friend Paul: Paul is diagnosed in prison with bipolar disorder.  After he is released, he moves in his friend and filmmaker Jonathan. However, Paul’s manic rantings threaten the filmmaker’s own equilibrium and  he begs Paul to return to the psychiatric hospital. Ref
  • The Informant! Struggling with bipolar disorder, Mark confesses to the FBI that he and his company are doing illegal business. The stresses of having to wear a wire and organizing surveillance cause his meltdown.
  • The Flying Scotsman: This story is based on Graeme Obree, an amateur cyclist, who struggles with crippling bipolar disorder.
  • In the Best Interest of the Children A woman struggling with bipolar disorder while raising her five children eventually leads to the children being taken away from her.
  • Shine Biography about pianist David Helfgott who had bipolar disorder and spent years in mental institutions.  Ref 
  • Surviving Family As Terry struggles to rebuild her relationship with her older sister, she learns that her niece has been diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Her aunt helps her  begin to come to terms with the truth behind her mother’s life and death, and her father’s alcoholism. Ref
  • Sweethearts Arliss meets Jasmine on a blind date at a coffee house, but it turns out Jasmine has bipolar disorder and is  carrying a gun contemplating suicide.
  • Black Box (tv series)Catherine Black  is a famous neurologist who secretly has bipolar disorder  and the only person who knows is her psychiatrist who has been a maternal figure for Catherine  since her mother, who also suffered from bipolar disorder, committed suicide. Ref
  • Homeland  (tv series) Carrie is a CIA officer who, like her father, struggles with  bipolar disorder. Her dad also has bipolar disorder.  Although her family knows, she is able to keep her illness a secret from others for a long time during the season.
  • Empire (tv series) Andre, the oldest of the the Lyon family has bipolar disorder. He’s power hungry and hopes to run the empire some day. Leah, Dwight’s deceased mother, also had bipolar disorder Ref
  • The Big C (tv series)  Sean, Cathy’s brother, suffers from bipolar disorder starts and taking medications because he wants to be more stable for his unborn child.  He was homeless and refused treatment up until then. Ref
  • ER (tv series) Abby has a mother with bipolar disorder who comes and lives with her.
  • Law and Order SVU  (tv series) Elliot’s mother has bipolar disorder and he finds out his daughter has it too when she has a manic phase and ends up prison.
  • Six Feet Under (tv series)  Billy, Brenda’s brother, has bipolar disorder
  • Shutter Island Marshalls, while investigating  a psychiatric hospital come  across Daniels who might have killed his bipolar disorder wife after she supposedly killed their three children. Ref
  • Next To Normal a mother struggles with  bipolar disorder and attempts to not let it affect her family Ref
  • Manic  Chad has bipolar disorder and forms a friendship with Lyle while in a psychiatric facility. The two make plans to go to Amsterdam with the money from Chad’s trust fund.

Below are other movies that are believed to be about bipolar disorder. However, the viewer has to come to that conclusion on their own based on the plot of the movie and its characters.

A Fine Madness

Blue Sky

Cobb

Splendor in the Grass 

Rocks in My Pockets 

Prozac Nation

Tamil Films: Aarohanam and 3

 

 

 

Posted in Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

The History of Bipolar Disorder Infographic

History of Bipolar Disorder

Image | Posted on by | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Bipolar Disorder Statistics Infographic

Bipolar Disorder Stats Infographic

Image | Posted on by | Tagged , , | 1 Comment