Types of Schizophrenia

The National Institute of Health and Merriam Webster define schizophrenia as a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. People with schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality. However, there is so much more to it that any many different sub-types of the mental disorder.  Ref1 Ref2

SCHIZOPHRENIA  is common for hallucinations (visual and auditory) and delusions to be present. One of the most common schizophrenia symptoms is hearing voices. This is very conflicting, since the voices are absolutely real to them, yet their loved ones and friends cannot hear them. This results in an anxious, conflicting situation that is often very frightening. People with schizophrenia often exhibit violent behavior, which can be a reaction to the fear, or an action triggered by following what the voices say. Ref3

When you ask everyday people what they believe the symptoms to be, they are most likely to describe those for paranoid schizophrenia.  Ref3

There are many types of schizophrenia and many of them overlap and a few are called the same thing so it was difficult to write this and differentiate between the exact types . Many of them have the same symptoms and therefore I have shortened some as to not be repetitive. 

  • Schizoaffective:  It is a combination of schizophrenia and a mood disorder. You have a loss of contact with reality and depressions and/or mania Ref3 Ref4
  • Paranoid: It is now called schizophrenia with paranoia and is the most common of schizophrenia.  It is  a kind of psychosis where your mind does not agree with reality.  It affects the way you think and behave and often the person is suspicious of others.  They will see signs in every day occurrences and feel people are out to get them. Ref5
  • Brief Psychotic: Common to schizophrenia, but usually lasting between one and 6 month Ref 6 Ref7
  • Schizophrenium: Common to schizophrenia, but usually lasting between one and 6 months Ref6 Ref8
  • Delusional: Previously called paranoid disorder Person can’t tell what is real from what is imagined. Exhibit delusions in something untrue yet although bizarre could happen in life like being followed, poisoned, deceived, or conspired against Ref5
  • Shared Psychotic: It’s chronic and long term and believed to be more severe type. Delusions,hallucinations (reality distortion) and psychomotor poverty (poor speech, lack of spontaneous movemwnt and blunting emotion) Incoherent, illogical thoughts and behaviors, agitated, and purposeless behavior Ref9
  • Cenesthopathic:  Abnormal sensations in the body; meets general conditions of schizophrenia, but don’t fit into the other categories, often called unspecified Ref10 Ref11
  • Residual: remission has gone without symptoms for a long time, but they often experience a loss interest in life, are dull, unmotivated and not interested in regular life Ref 12 Ref13
  • Postpartum: Onset is quick and severe and very uncomon. Patients often hospitalized until she is stable. Refusal to eat,extreme confusion,memory loss, incoherence,paranoia, irrational statements and talking about trivial things. Often this occurs after their next pregnancy. Ref14
  • Not Other Specified: No adequate information to make a specific diagnosis;  there is contradictory information.  Examples can include brief psychotic disorder or persistent auditory hallucinations with absence of any other features or when a doctor can’t determine if condition is from drugs or alcohol   Ref6


















About Michelle Clark Bipolar Bandit

I am a strong advocate for the mentally ill and have been since I was first approached by a lawyer in a psychiatric facility as a teenager. He wanted me to help him fight how the mentally ill are mistreated. I was diagnosed with bipolar disorder at the age of 17 after a full blown manic episode. Before that, I suffered from debilitating depression for 4 years. My goals are to help others by sharing my story and providing tips to deal with mania and depression. I often write blogs related to advocating for people like myself. I want to encourage, inspire, and educate those with #bipolar disorder and other mental illnesses and also include inspirational #quotes. I founded the group Advocates for People with Mental Illnesses and the page Mental Health Advocates United and have several social media sites that are related to bipolar disorder and/or advocacy. If you are an advocate or would like to be, I hope you join our FB group: Advocates for People with Mental Illnesses
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